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Functional fabric introduction

Update:14 Apr 2020

⑴Super waterproof fabric Ordinary raincoat can prevent […]

⑴Super waterproof fabric
Ordinary raincoat can prevent the penetration of rainwater, but it is not conducive to the elimination of sweat and water vapor. The moisture-permeable and waterproof fabric changes this shortcoming. Using the large difference in the size of water vapor particles and raindrops, a porous structure film with a pore diameter smaller than raindrops is attached to the fabric surface, so that the raindrops cannot pass through, but water vapor and sweat It can pass smoothly and is conducive to ventilation.
⑵ Flame retardant fabric
Flame retardant fabric, polyester flame retardant fabric, using the latest ATP flame retardant finishing, has the characteristics of washing resistance, excellent flame retardant effect, good feel, non-toxic safety and so on. This product does not contain halogen and meets the requirements of ecological and environmental protection. Its main technical indicators are at the international advanced level. The flame retardant index of polyester flame retardant fabric can reach the national standard B2 level or above. Washing times can reach more than 30 times.
The pure cotton flame retardant fabric is finished with our company's new CP flame retardant. It has the characteristics of water resistance, good flame retardant effect, good hand feel, non-toxic safety and so on. This product meets the requirements of ecological and environmental protection, and its main technical indicators are at the domestic leading level. The flame retardant index of polyester flame retardant fabric can reach the national standard B2 level or above. Washing times can reach more than 20 times.
Permanent flame-retardant fabric is made by spinning, weaving and dyeing innate flame-retardant fibers. The fabric has the characteristics of flame retardant, abrasion resistance, temperature resistance, washing resistance, acid and alkali resistance, waterproof, antistatic, high strength, etc. It is suitable for the production of ideal fabrics for protective clothing in the metallurgy, oil field, coal mine, chemical industry, electric power, fire protection industry .
⑶ color changing fabric
A fabric that can change color with changes in light, heat, liquid, pressure, electronic wires, etc. It is made by dispersing the color-changing material into microcapsules, dispersing it in resin liquid and applying it on the cloth. It can be used to make traffic suits, swimming suits, etc., which play a role in safety protection. It can also be used to make stage costumes, which play a colorful and mysterious effect.
⑷Antistatic fabric
The method of hydrophilic finishing or adding conductive fiber is used to make the fabric conductive, which is not easy to absorb dust and antistatic, and is very suitable for making carpets and special work clothes such as dustproof clothes.
The main products are:
Anti-static fine twill: the warp and weft of this fabric adopts JT / C32X32; and a special anti-static fiber is blended in the weft distance, the product specification is 130X70, the width of the cloth is 63 inches, and the fabric is woven with a fine twill weave Interwoven on the machine, the fabric style is charming and the texture is quite suitable. It is a trendy fabric for spring clothing.
Anti-static thread card cloth: It uses JT / C yarn 32s / 2 * 32s / 2 for warp and weft yarns; and incorporates static conductive special fibers in the middle distance in the weft direction, the fabric is in accordance with 108 * 53 specifications, and the fabric adopts twill weave on the rapier It is interwoven on the machine, and has been processed by sophisticated processes such as stitching, pre-shrinking, shaping, and dyeing. Labor insurance apparel companies have won the favor of its unique strengths such as good color, good hand feeling, not easy to wrinkle, strong drape, easy to wash, and strong anti-static performance. "Anti-static line card" is mainly used for the production of early spring workwear in petrochemical, liquefied gas station, gas station, oil tanker and other flammable and explosive occasions.
Anti-static canvas: The warp yarn of this fabric adopts CVC21s / 2 cotton yarn; the weft yarn adopts 10s; and a special antistatic fiber is blended in the distance of the weft direction. The fabric is interwoven with a plain weave on a rapier loom. . The fabric is beautiful and charming. Compared with other cotton canvas, it has the common characteristics of softness, stiffness, breathability, easy washing, and comfort. It also has strong fastness, good drape, and strong antistatic properties that are unmatched by other fabrics. "Anti-static canvas" is mainly used to make petrochemical, liquefied gas station, gas station, oil tanker and other flammable and explosive occasions
Anti-static Zhigong cloth: This fabric is a new variety developed in 2005, and its sales performance has been not bad since its listing. It uses 32s / 2 cotton yarn for warp yarns; 32s / 2 cotton yarn for weft yarns; A special antistatic fiber, the fabric is interwoven on the rapier loom with a 3/1 tributary tissue, and the dyeing and finishing process is unique. The fabric surface is beautiful and charming. Compared with the cotton straight fabric, it has the common characteristics of softness, stiffness, breathability, easy washing, and comfort. It also has strong fastness, good drape, and strong antistatic properties that are unmatched by other fabrics.
⑸Insulation fabric
A kind of fabric using zirconium carbide compound particles added to nylon and polyester fibers to make it efficiently absorb solar energy and convert it into heat, that is, far-infrared thermal insulation fabric. Increased thermal insulation is of practical significance for clothing in cold environments.
Functional Fabric Atlas
(6) Waterproof and breathable functional fabric
Waterproof and breathable fabric means that water does not infiltrate the fabric under a certain pressure, but the sweat emitted by the human body can be transmitted to the outside through the fabric in the form of water vapor, thereby avoiding the accumulation of sweat and condensation between the body surface and the fabric to keep the clothing comfortable It is a high-tech, unique functional fabric. Waterproofing is not a problem for ordinary fabric workers, the key is how to achieve moisture permeability. Below, we take a deeper look at it from the types of waterproof and breathable fabrics.
1. Moisture permeability through fiber
1. Ventel fabric. The earliest waterproof and breathable fabric is the famous Ventile fabric. It was designed by the Shirley Research Institute in the UK in the 1940s. It uses high-count low-twist cotton yarn with high density and heavy flat weave from Egyptian long-staple cotton. It was originally mainly used for the cold protection of British Air Force pilots during World War II Anti-dip clothing. When the fabric is dry, the gap between the warp and weft yarns is large, about 10 microns, which can provide a highly moisture-permeable structure; when the fabric is rained or watered, the cotton yarn expands, reducing the gap between the yarns to 3 to 4 microns. This closed-cell mechanism is combined with a special water-repellent finish to ensure that the fabric is not further penetrated by rain. At present, this kind of fabric has been replaced by other waterproof and breathable fabrics.
2. Coolmax fabrics. International companies such as DuPont and Toray Japan have researched the method of making holes in the fiber to remove sweat from the body, which is the moisture wicking fabric on the market. This type of fiber production technology is concentrated in the hands of such large international companies, the price is relatively high, and it is difficult to become the mainstream of the market.
Second, through the coating to achieve moisture permeability
Using dry direct coating, transfer coating, foam coating, phase inversion or wet coating (solidified coating) and other process technologies, a variety of waterproof and moisture-permeable coating agents are applied to the fabric On the surface of the fabric, the pores on the surface of the fabric are closed or reduced to a certain extent by the coating agent, thereby obtaining waterproofness. The moisture permeability of the fabric is through the microporous structure formed on the coating by a special method or the hydrophilic group in the coating agent interacts with the water molecule. With the help of hydrogen bonding and other intermolecular forces, the water molecule is adsorbed on the high humidity side. Obtained by the analysis function transferred to the low temperature side. Coated fabrics are low in price, have achieved a certain degree of moisture permeability, and are widely used. However, due to its poor waterproof and moisture-permeable performance and unsatisfactory feel, the market share is gradually decreasing.
The wet transfer coating fabric developed now makes the coated fabric renewed. It not only has high physical properties such as waterproof and moisture permeability, but also can be treated with 100% Teflon, and the washing fastness can reach 25 times. Above, the feel is also very good.
3. Moisture permeability is achieved by laminating waterproof and moisture permeable membranes
1. PTFE film
The diameter of the water vapor molecule is 0.0004 microns, and the diameter of the lightest mist in the rain water is 20 microns. The diameter of the drizzle has been as high as 400 microns. If a film with a pore diameter between water vapor and rain can be made, it is waterproof. Isn't it possible to achieve breathability again? GORE of the United States used polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) to become the first company to produce the film, and after the composite lamination with the fabric, the trade name was GORE-TEX. But because PTFE is very chemically inert, there are few materials that can be laminated well with other fabrics. The first-generation fabrics have very poor fastness.
Later, after continuous efforts, by submerging with other hydrophilic film layers to form a composite film, and special treatment on the film, the fastness is greatly improved. It is generally believed that the water pressure of Gore-Tex fabrics can reach 10000mm, and the water pressure only drops significantly after 6-7 washings; the maximum moisture permeability can reach 10000g / sqm * 24hrs, but this is not just the fabric just made Reaching this value requires several washings to wash away some of the glue. The available pores increase and the moisture permeability increases.
2. TPU film
TPU is the abbreviation of thermoplastic polyurethane film, which belongs to non-porous hydrophilic film. Since the film itself has no pores, the waterproof effect is naturally very good, and it also makes the fabric windproof and warm. Moisture permeability is mainly achieved through its hydrophilic characteristics. Depending on the difference in vapor pressure between the inside and outside of the clothes, the steam is transferred from the place with high pressure to the place with low pressure, thereby achieving the function of moisture permeability.

(7) Anti-radiation fabric
There are two main types of radiation protection fabrics on the market
Functional winter clothes
Functional winter clothes atlas
1. Metal fiber fabric 2. Metalized fabric
Metal fiber fabric:
The stainless steel metal is drawn into very fine and thin silk, and then blended with fabric fibers.
Wire and fiber are mixed together. The advantage of this fabric is that it is breathable. It looks no different from ordinary fabrics. But after the fabric burns, it will leave a metal net. Can be washed.
The protection is suitable for family watching TV and office work. Under normal circumstances, it can play a good role in protection
Xingbao shopping network agent Tianxiang radiation protection clothing is made using this type of fabric.
Metallized fabric:
The method of electrolysis is that the metal penetrates into the fabric to form a metal conductor, thereby achieving electromagnetic shielding.
The advantage is: strong protection ability, suitable for telecommunication transmitter room.
The disadvantage is that the fabric is relatively thick and the air permeability is not very good. It is suitable for places close to high-power telecommunications transmitters and other places with high-power radiation. The fabric cannot be washed. Generally manufacturers are made detachable. The radiation protection fabric can be disassembled.
(8) Antibacterial and deodorant fiber fabric
In 1955, Japan successfully developed a fiber fabric with antibacterial function. Metals or salts can destroy the metabolic function of bacterial cell membranes, leading to the death of bacteria, thereby playing a sterilizing role. In recent years, many other inorganic and organic antibacterial agents have also been developed, which can impart antibacterial and deodorant properties to fiber fabrics and textiles through blending, composite spinning or finishing [1]. With the development of society and the improvement of people's living standards, antibacterial and deodorant fiber fabrics and textiles have a promising future.
(9) Electromagnetic wave shielding fiber fabric
With the popularity of mobile phones, computers, microwave ovens and other office and household appliances, the harm of electromagnetic wave radiation is becoming increasingly prominent. In order to protect the human body from or minimize the harm of electromagnetic radiation, the electromagnetic radiation source can be shielded to reduce the amount of radiation; it can also wear effective anti-electromagnetic radiation protection fabrics for self-protection.
(10) Medical functional fiber fabric
Medical functional fiber is the product of the intersection of life science and materials science, and is an important material basis for the development of modern clinical medicine. Medical functional fibers have been used to varying degrees in surgical transplantation, in vitro artificial organs, and medical accessories.
(11) Far infrared functional fiber fabric
The far-infrared fiber fabric has excellent health care physiotherapy, moisture removal, ventilation and bacteriostatic functions. It can absorb the heat emitted by the body itself, absorb and emit far-infrared rays of the wavelength that the body needs most, promote blood circulation and have a warming effect . The ideal far-infrared fabric has good thermal insulation, antibacterial and physical therapy functions. At present, far-infrared textiles developed at home and abroad mainly include underwear, pants, and cushions.
(12) Smart fiber fabric
At present, smart textiles developed using smart fibers mainly include automatic color-adjusting clothing, automatic temperature-adjusting clothing, "smart T-shirts" with "perception" and adaptive protective clothing. Photochromic fibers and thermochromic fibers can be made into smart ski jackets, jackets, blouses, dresses and hats, etc. They can change colors with changes in indoor and outdoor light. This kind of clothing is very popular among consumers because of its good light, thermal discoloration and novelty. With self-adaptive temperature-adjusting clothing, its temperature can change with the change of human body and ambient temperature, and it can protect the body without changing or less changing the loading load. The "smart T-shirt" woven from plastic optical fibers and conductive fibers can assist medical personnel to monitor the patient's physiological indicators such as heartbeat, body temperature, blood pressure, breathing, etc., and can also be used by the monitoring personnel to understand and grasp the Physical conditions can also be made into baby pajamas to monitor the baby's breathing to prevent the baby from suffocating during sleep. The United States has developed a new type of smart protective clothing. It will automatically send out an alarm signal after being scratched, which can better protect the safety of workers in radioactive and toxic environments.